Teaching Fellow

Conserve School is looking for energetic, dedicated, and mature college graduates with an interest in environmental sustainability and education to serve as Conserve School Teaching Fellows for the 2019-2020 academic year.

The Teaching Fellow position is a live-on nonexempt position following the academic calendar. Teaching Fellows support the mission of Conserve School through their work in the academic and student life functions of the school. The teaching fellow experience provides training and practical experience in a boarding school setting, as fellows work alongside experienced educators in the areas of academic teaching, outdoor education, and student services.

We will begin accepting applications for 2019-2020 Teaching Fellow positions in early November, 2018. Applicants should use our Employment Application Form to upload their letter of interest, résumé, and three letters of reference. Click here for our Employment Application Form.

The Teaching Fellow hiring team, in December and January, will be reviewing applications and interviewing candidates for summer 2019 positions. Offers of employment will be made in February or March 2019. However, applications will be accepted and reviewed until all available positions are filled.

For questions about Teaching Fellow positions, contact Phil DeLong, Director of Student Support and Teaching Fellow Coordinator, at 715-547-1320, or click here to email Phil DeLong directly.

Conserve School is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

Position Description

Essential Functions

Provide supervision, care, and support for adolescent students on campus, as well as during off-campus activities. Assist a Lead Teacher in the preparation, delivery, and evaluation of one core class. Plan, prepare for, and conduct programming for students, including multi-day backcountry travel and camping experiences in upper Great Lakes region. Contribute to and support the physical, intellectual, personal, emotional, and social development of adolescent students. Communicate effectively with students, their families, colleagues, and other stakeholders.

Teaching Fellows must have been awarded a college degree (B.A. or B.S), and hold certification, valid through the end of May 2020, in Wilderness First Aid (or a more advanced level of training, such as Wilderness Advanced First Aid, Wilderness First Responder, or Wilderness EMT; Conserve School will provide a stipend of up to $200 for those who need to acquire certification before beginning employment).

The following physical and cognitive skills and abilities are necessary for a Teaching Fellow to successfully perform the essential functions listed above:

  • Ability to live and work on the campus of Conserve School.
  • Ability to see and hear sufficiently well to monitor activity, interactions, and environmental sounds. Aware of surroundings.
  • Ability to effectively communicate clearly to children and adults, orally and in writing, using the English language.
  • Ability to use judgment to solve problems and make decisions, including in stressful situations.
  • Ability to effectively regulate emotions.
  • Ability to establish respectful rapport with a wide variety of people.
  • Ability to maintain confidentiality.
  • Ability to take direction and correction.
  • Ability to work for prolonged periods in various postures and positions, including standing, walking, climbing stairs, bending, kneeling, and sleeping on the ground on a camping pad.
  • Ability to lift and carry up to 30 pounds.
  • Ability to be outdoors for extended periods of time in a wide variety of weather conditions, including extreme cold.

Nature and Scope of Duties

Specific duties vary from week to week based on the needs of the students. Conserve School selects Teaching Fellows based on the needs of the school and the interests of the candidates.

Duties of this position include, but are not limited to:

  • Live on campus. Teaching Fellows will be assigned to apartments in residence houses.
  • Participate in the rotating duty schedule on weeknights and weekends. {Approx. 40% of regular responsibility} Activities include, but are not limited to:
    • Residence house supervision,
    • Recreation center supervision,
    • Academic support during student study hours,
    • Supervision of student meals in the dining room
    • Administration of basic medical care for students (when Health Care Coordinator is unavailable),
    • Facilitation and supervision of afterschool and weekend activities
  • Assist a Lead Teacher in the preparation, delivery, and evaluation of one class (Outdoor Skills, AP Environmental Science, History, English, Stewardship in Action, Spanish, or Math) or program area (Ecology). {Approx. 46% of regular responsibility}
  • Support students in their learning and development through the following {Approx. 8% of regular responsibility}:
    • Serve as the adviser for two students.
    • Facilitate student enrichment activities.
    • Co-lead one or two Exploration Week wilderness trips, or alternate duties, as needed each year.
    • Assist with student solo camping supervision or alternate duties as needed each semester.
  • Assist in other areas in support of the school as assigned and as needed. {Approx. 6% of regular responsibility} Areas include, but are not limited to (not all Teaching Fellows will participate in all of these):
    • Assisting with the teaching of additional classes,
    • Substitute teaching,
    • Assisting with outdoor and recreational gear maintenance and organization,
    • Assisting with planning and implementing events and programming,
    • Driving students to off-campus appointments and activities
  • Support and communicate to students, staff, guests, and community the mission, vision, and values of Conserve School.
  • Assist students in developing a trusting, supportive living-learning community by teaching and role-modeling the Conserve Code, (which includes refraining from the possession or use of illegal drugs), maintaining appropriate relationships, and practicing skills such as listening, communicating clearly and directly, demonstrating flexibility, managing stress, making thoughtful decisions, seeking help when needed, and resolving conflicts professionally.
  • Ensure the safety and good order of students at all times. Teaching Fellows are expected to take the initiative and keep or restore order wherever and whenever it is needed, and to respond to emergencies at all times, even if not on duty.
  • Participate sincerely in the staff assessment and evaluation process.
  • Participate, as needed, in all-school projects, including accreditation.
  • Support the school and its leadership.
  • Other duties as assigned.

PDF of Position Description

AP Environmental Science Teaching Fellow Description

AP Environmental Science Teaching Fellow

Dear Prospective AP Environmental Science Teaching Fellow,

AP Environmental Science at Conserve School is an AP course that has passed the College Board Audit. This means that we have submitted our course syllabus to the College Board and it has been approved to be transcripted as an official AP class. The most important part of this audit is that we have proven we cover all of the required content. Below you can find a table*** that breaks down the different class topics and how much emphasis they are given on the AP Environmental Science standardized exam.

1. Earth Systems and Resources (10-15%)

A. Earth Science Concepts

B. The Atmosphere

C. Global Water Resources and Use

D. Soil and Soil Dynamics

2. The Living World (10-15%)

A. Ecosystem Structure

B. Energy Flow

C. Ecosystem Diversity

D. Natural Ecosystem Change

E. Natural Biogeochemical Cycles

3. Population (10-15%)

A. Population Biology Concepts

B. Human Population

4. Land and Water Use (10-15%)

A. Agriculture

B. Forestry

C. Rangelands

D. Other Land Use

E. Mining

F. Fishing

G. Global Economics

5. Energy Resources and Consumption (10-15%)

A. Energy Concepts

B. Energy Consumption

C. Fossil Fuel Resources and Use

D. Nuclear Energy

E. Hydroelectric Power

F. Energy Conservation

G. Renewable Energy

6. Pollution (25-30%)

A. Pollution Types (Water, Air, Solid Waste)

B. Impacts on the Environment and Human Health

C. Economic Impacts

7. Global Change

A. Stratospheric Ozone

B. Global Warming

C. Loss of Biodiversity

***Taken directly from Friedland and Relyea’s Environmental Science for AP textbook

As you can see, we have a large amount of information to cover in a relatively short amount of time. Teaching Fellows who have undergraduate degrees in a science field (i.e. biology, ecology, chemistry, geology, environmental science, physics, etc.) should have the abilities and experience necessary to interpret and teach high school level content with guidance from the lead teacher.

Our goal, first and foremost, is to expose students to each of these content areas and prepare them to take the AP exam. At face value this may seem utilitarian, however what makes our course different is that we enrich it by utilizing the natural resources that our campus has to offer in order to help students foster deep connections to the natural world. Another significant project that differentiates our course from other AP Environmental Science courses is the Phenology Spot Field Journal. Each student chooses a spot on campus that they would like to visit each week of the semester (with the exception of Exploration Week, Family Weekend, Solos Weekend, and Thanksgiving/Spring break). Each time they visit their spots, students complete a field journal entry. At the end of the semester, students have a record of the observations of change that they have made at their spot. The purpose of this project is to help students get out and spend mindful time on the campus property. In response to student performance and feedback, the course often undergoes significant changes in sequence and content delivery as I strive to improve the class over the long-term. Expect things to change semester to semester.

Your role within this framework is to work with the science teachers to develop and implement lessons for the afternoon classes, observe lessons that you may be responsible for carrying out in the future, grade phenology journals and tests, provide feedback to the students on their projects, leading afterschool and weekend activities that support the science curriculum, and other class-related duties as assigned.

Your hours each week will vary, but in general you can expect to do 8 hours of teaching a week and then spend the balance of your time either prepping for your upcoming lessons, leading an afterschool activity, grading as needed, or other projects as assigned (this is in addition to your student life responsibilities).

A successful AP Environmental Science teaching fellow is open-minded, flexible, willing to be challenged, able to work as part of a team as well as work alone, responsive to the requests of the lead teacher, timely, responsible, and understanding.

If you have further questions, please feel free to contact me, Leanna Jackan, the lead science teacher. My email is Leanna.Jackan@ConserveSchool.org.



Ecology Teaching Fellow Description

As an Ecology Teaching Fellow, you will have the opportunity to work closely with the Stewardship Coordinator and another Ecology Teaching Fellow. As a team, you work together to develop and lead programs designed to help students connect with, and more fully appreciate, the ecology of Conserve School's Northwoods campus. Responsibilities (in addition to regular student life hours) include: 

  • collaborate with teachers in order to develop hands-on programs that enhance class learning, including, but not limited to, campus stewardship projects,
  • develop and lead programs for Conserve School students and outside groups that focus on Lowenwood and the surrounding area including, but not limited to: flora and fauna, history of the Northwoods, traditional ecological knowledge and practices, geology, limnology, entomology (native bees, monarch tagging, butterfly habitat), and sustainable outdoor recreation,
  • take a lead role in the following programs: maple syrup, garden, wild rice, honey bees, and invasive species remediation at Conserve School,
  • take a leadership role in invasive species identification and remediation in the Sylvania Wilderness Area, in partnership with the Ottawa National Forest,
  • participate in the Sylvania Wilderness Area campsite, trail, and portage landing survey process,
  • assist with the maintenance of Conserve School’s Lowenwood campus through a variety of activities including, but not limited to: invasive species remediation, seedling planting, trail maintenance, and habitat restoration, and
  • involve students and community volunteers in the above activities where opportunities present themselves - including offering stewardship activities for students after school and on weekends. 

English Teaching Fellow Description

English Teaching Fellow

As the Teaching Fellow in English, you will have an opportunity to work closely with the Lead English Teacher. As a team, you will work together to teach and support student learning in Conserve School's required English course, Wilderness Voices: American Literature and the Land.

Generally, your academic assignment working hours as the English Teaching Fellow include (these hours are in addition to hours dedicated to student life responsibilities):

  • Eight Hours/Week: Teaching or co-teaching with Lead Teacher
  • Four Hours/Week: Lesson planning, grading, evaluation and processing with Lead Teacher
  • Eight Hours/Week: Student learning support (may include staffing a writing/lit lab, curating Conserve's audio readings library, facilitating a student reading circle, or facilitating individual student learning check-ins)

Wilderness Voices Overview

This required English course covers the standard academic skills addressed in upper-level college-preparatory high school English courses, with an emphasis on literature and writing assignments related to environmental themes. The course emphasizes literary appreciation and analysis, composition skills, and persuasive speaking and writing.

The human relationship to the land has long been one of the cornerstones of American literature. Our landscape shapes who we are, what we think, and how we relate to the world around us. In this advanced level course we will look at how authors from Robert Frost to Terry Tempest Williams, from Jack London to Jon Krakauer have used wild lands as a setting, as a character, as a symbol, and as a cause. Students will study how others – from Thoreau to modern-day nature writers – have used the power of their pen to speak to the evolving American relationship to nature.

Going one step further, this course also instructs students in writing, speaking and other communication skills allowing them to advocate for their own environmental beliefs, challenging them to add their own voices to the long tradition of speaking for the land.

History Teaching Fellow Description

History Teaching Fellow

As the Teaching Fellow in History, you will have an opportunity to work closely with the Lead History Teacher. As a team, you will work together to teach and support student learning in Conserve School's required History course, Environmental Citizenship.

Generally, your academic assignment working hours as the History Teaching Fellow include (these hours are in addition to hours dedicated to student life responsibilities):

  • Eight Hours/Week: Teaching or co-teaching with Lead Teacher
  • Six Hours/Week: Lesson planning, grading, evaluation and processing with Lead Teacher
  • Six Hours/Week: Student learning support, which may include facilitating individual student learning check-ins

History Course Overview

This required history course covers the standard academic skills addressed in junior and senior level college-preparatory high school history courses, with an emphasis on US historical events and analysis related to environmental themes.

This course combines historical studies with hands-on experiences. While reading and researching environmental-themed stories from the past, students will actively engage in the learning.

A portion of this course focuses on our unique Northwoods setting. Topics include: the history of the indigenous peoples of northern Wisconsin; the logging and mining boom that drew European immigrants and fueled the growth of the Midwest; repeated conflicts over control of the state’s rich natural resources; the growth of the environmental movement, and the leadership of famous environmentalists like Aldo Leopold, Sigurd Olson, Rachel Carson, and Gaylord Nelson.

Math Teaching Fellow Description

Math Teaching Fellow

As the Teaching Fellow in Math, you will have an opportunity to work closely with the Lead Math Teacher to help instruct math, one of Conserve School’s two continuity course disciplines. Continuity courses ensure that students keep pace with their sending school courses in the sequential, skill-based areas of mathematics and Spanish.

Conserve School offers the math courses Algebra 2 and Pre-Calculus. These courses cover topics such as line equations and properties of functions, systems of equations, quadratic and polynomial functions, radical and rational functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, conic sections, and trigonometry. Due to the fact that our students only attend for one semester and must smoothly transition back into their own varied sending school math classes, we use the online program ALEKS in order to individualize the math program for each student based on information provided by the sending schools. Students spend a typical math class working on the computer through their own assigned topics with textbook descriptions given by the program, while the teacher and teaching fellow answer questions, provide additional instruction and clarification, and keep students on task.

The Teaching Fellow applying for this position must be proficient in high school level mathematics, as evidenced by personal skills and knowledge, an undergraduate major or minor or graduate degree in math, or direct subject-area teaching experience. Due to the use of the online program, the teaching fellow will not be creating traditional lesson plans, but instead will fill the role of math tutor for the students. They will also be able to design and implement additional supports such as videos or exploration activities to help provide students with a better understanding of the material.

The academic assignment hours of the Math Teaching Fellow are as follows (these hours are in addition to hours associated with student life responsibilities):

(20 hours total per week)

  • 11-12 hours per week in the math classroom
  • 4-6 hours per week student math study support
  • 1-4 hours per week designing additional student support videos and/or activities
  • 1 hour per week of Teaching Fellow Instructional Meeting

Outdoor Skills Teaching Fellow Description

Outdoor Skills Teaching Fellow

As an Outdoor Skills Teaching Fellow, you will have the opportunity to work closely with a lead teacher and three other Outdoor Skills Teaching Fellows. As a team, you work together to teach Outdoor Skills class and maintain the Lowenwood Recreation Center. Generally, your academic assignment working hours as an Outdoor Skills Teaching Fellow include (these hours are in addition to hours dedicated to student life responsibilities):

  • Ten Hours/Week: Co-teaching Outdoor Skills
  • Four Hours/Week: Lesson planning and grading
  • Four Hours/Week: Upkeep, organization, and maintenance of facilities, equipment and supplies in the Lowenwood Recreation Center.
  • Outdoor Skills Course

    There are many goals of this course, but first and foremost, our objective is to inspire students to new and challenging outdoor endeavors. Outdoor recreation is used within and beyond the classroom as a source of personal growth, health enhancement, connection to place, and enjoyment. This class is designed to teach and refine the skills students need to participate in and fully experience a Conserve School semester, as well as a lifetime of outdoor recreation. Throughout the semester, students will demonstrate competency in a variety of outdoor skills, apply learnings to future pursuits, and ultimately, have a lot of fun together outside.

    The Outdoor Skills Teaching Team collaborates on teaching, grading, and refining lesson plans. In this course, students are introduced to a full complement of challenging and enjoyable outdoor activities, designed to increase their comfort in the outdoors, introduce them to life-long outdoor pursuits, and provide them with opportunities to enjoy the beauty and wonder of the natural world. Conserve School encourages human-powered activities, following Leave No Trace (www.lnt.org) principles. Conserve’s Lowenwood campus provides an ideal setting to learn how to canoe, kayak, Nordic ski, snowshoe, ice skate, and mountain bike. This course includes instruction in backcountry travel and living skills, including campsite selection and preparation, fire building, shelter building, backpacking, backcountry cooking and sanitation, and backcountry health and safety.

    The Outdoor Skills curriculum is established and as an Outdoor Skills Teaching Fellow, you can hone in on your talents and past experiences and select lessons that you feel comfortable teaching. Still, if there is a topic that you feel very passionate about and it aligns with the Outdoor Skills curriculum, we welcome new lessons- there is room for creativity! Additionally, the Outdoor Skills Teaching Team prepares students for a multi-day backcountry camping excursion and a solo camping experience, during which students practice their backcountry travel and living skills. We provide students with the skills they need to experience the outdoors more fully, to lead adventures more effectively, and as a result, to know our world more closely.

    UNITS OF INSTRUCTION

    Outdoor Recreation

    This unit prepares students to recreate safely and successfully in the outdoors and provides a groundwork of skills applicable to future outdoor recreation endeavors. Human-powered activities such as cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, ice skating, hiking, archery, canoeing, kayaking, and mountain biking will give students direct exposure to the concepts and skills of this unit.

    Personal Wellness and Self-Care

    This unit of instruction aims to foster personal wellness in Conserve School students. The tasks of maintaining oneself, physically and mentally, are introduced in this unit through activities including yoga, backcountry health and safety, backcountry nutrition, reflection and other individual activities which enhance students’ awareness of their life-long fitness and personal well-being.

    Outdoor Leadership and Teamwork

    This unit of instruction intends to promote teamwork and leadership, critical components of many outdoor pursuits and expeditions. Experiences such as rock wall climbing and top-rope belaying, canoeing, backcountry camping simulations practicing Leave No Trace ethics, and other group activities will provide students with skills and knowledge to become collaborative and environmentally responsible leaders. Students’ leadership and teamwork skills will be bolstered by a multi-day backcountry camping excursion. Class readings, journaling, and class discussions may be used to enhance the students understanding of the skills, concepts, and their context while also challenging them to articulate their own principles of personal leadership in their future endeavors.

    Wilderness Camping

    This unit prepares students to participate successfully in backcountry camping and provides a groundwork of skills applicable to future trips in the wilderness. Experiences such as backpack packing, simulated survival shelter building, backcountry cooking and sanitation, fire building, navigating with a map and compass, and setting up safe campsites will give students direct exposure to the concepts and skills of this unit. Students will practice these skills on their solo camping experience and on a multi-day backcountry camping experience.

    Lowenwood Recreation Center

    In addition to the teaching Outdoor Skills, your time will be spent organizing and maintaining equipment and supplies in the Lowenwood Recreation Center. This includes but is not limited to:

  • Maintaining and distributing outdoor gear for students solo and exploration week experience
  • Input on the expansion of outdoor gear and equipment
  • Bike repair and maintenance
  • Ski waxing and maintenance
  • Maintaining the rock wall and resetting routes

  • Spanish Teaching Fellow Description

    Spanish Teaching Fellow

    As the Teaching Fellow in Spanish, you will have an opportunity to work closely with the Lead Spanish Teacher. As a team, you will work together to provide direct instruction in Spanish, one of Conserve School’s two continuity course areas. Continuity courses ensure that students keep pace with their sending school courses in the sequential, skill-based areas of mathematics and Spanish.

    Three flexible levels of Spanish (no lower than Spanish II) are offered at Conserve School. These courses are taught in Spanish and cover the standard academic skills and topics addressed in typical upper-level college-preparatory modern language courses, with a focus on inspiring environmental stewardship. Sending school teachers fill out detailed questionnaires to help Conserve School teachers tailor the curriculum so that students are able to re-join their sending school classes with ease. As students learn more about the Spanish language and Spanish-speaking cultures, they increase their global literacy and their awareness of the environmental issues facing the world today.

    Applicants for this position must demonstrate fluency in Spanish, as evidenced by personal skills and knowledge, an undergraduate major or minor or graduate degree in Spanish, or direct subject-area teaching experience.

    Generally, your academic assignment working hours as a Spanish Teaching Fellow include (these hours are in addition to hours dedicated to student life responsibilities):

  • 10 hours per week co-teaching or teaching Spanish
  • 8 hours per week lesson planning and grading
  • 1 hour per week student Spanish study support
  • 1 hour per week of Teaching Fellow Instructional Meeting (collaborative peer learning)
  • Stewardship in Action Teaching Fellow Description

    Stewardship in Action Teaching Fellows Overview:

    As a Stewardship in Action Teaching Fellow, you will have the opportunity to work closely with a lead teacher and one other Stewardship Teaching Fellow. As a team, you work together to teach the Stewardship in Action class, an elective course for those students who wish to deepen their understanding and practice of stewardship through exploration of stewardship topics, reflection, and direct action. In addition, Stewardship Teaching Fellows will aid the Ecology Program with campus stewardship projects like working in the garden, and help to coordinate the Earth Fest celebration with the students.

    Generally, your academic assignment working hours as a Stewardship Teaching Fellow include (these hours are in addition to hours dedicated to student life responsibilities):

    ·   Ten Hours/Week: Co-teaching Stewardship in Action class

    ·   Five Hours/Week: Lesson planning and grading

    ·   Five Hours/Week: Planning, preparation, and facilitation of campus stewardship projects and Earth Fest celebration.

    Stewardship in Action Course Description:

    Students explore their identities as environmental stewards as they:

    ·   explore examples of environmental advocacy,

    ·   lead and collaborate with their peers in stewardship activities (projects and seminars),

    ·   organize Earth Week activities for the campus,

    ·   participate in stewardship projects on and around campus, and,

    ·   develop the skills necessary to create a stewardship action plan for completion upon returning to their home communities.

    More Information

    Non-formal Teaching Experience

    Teaching Fellows gain experience planning and teaching alongside Conserve School's talented teaching staff. Depending on interest, experience, and ability, some Teaching Fellows will assist in teaching Outdoor Skills, a required outdoor education course, others will assist with teaching our required Stewardship course, while others will assist with teaching AP Environmental Science, our required science course. Click on the tabs above for more information on these positions.

    Other non-formal teaching responsibilities may include:

    • Field-based after-school and weekend programs
    • Public programs, such as nature walks, night hikes, and outdoor skills
    • Outdoor and recreation skills activities (such as camping, canoeing, bicycling, skiing, snowshoeing, orienteering, Geocaching)
    • Programs for local middle school-aged charter school students

    Student Life Experience

    As student life staff at Conserve School, Teaching Fellows have an integral role in maintaining and improving the Conserve School community, living in houses that include staff apartments and student dorm wings. Each person in the community contributes to the diversity of the residential setting, bringing enrichment from individual traits, heritage, skills, and interests.

    Working with the Director and Assistant Directors of Student Life, Fellows provide supervision, support, mentoring, and program leadership to the high-school-aged students who participate in Conserve School's semester program.

    Semester School Operations Experience

    The Teaching Fellow experience provides an opportunity for individuals to experience the variety of tasks that must be completed to run a successful semester school.

    Special Opportunities

    Each year fellows are presented with various opportunities to enhance their experience and build their résumé. These opportunities, which help to create well-rounded learning experiences, may include:

    • Certifications in Wilderness First Aid, Wilderness Water Safety, and others
    • National or local conferences
    • Outdoor experiences
    • Professional workshops
    • Lectures or symposia
    • Networking

    Additional Information

    • Start Date: July 30, 2018
    • End Date: May 31, 2019
    • Renewable for up to three years
    • Full Time Compensation: Hourly wage that typically averages $300/week for full-time work
    • Number of working weeks per school year: 39
    • End of Year Bonus: $1,000
    • Retirement Plan Match: 5% of salary
    • Health Insurance: 80% of premium covered by Conserve School
    • Housing: Provided as condition of employment (more below); no pets permitted
    • Meals: Provided when students are on campus
    • On-the-job experience: Priceless

    Housing

    Two or three fellows share a well-appointed apartment, including a kitchen, a living room with gas fireplace, and private bedrooms with 2 1/2 shared baths. Washers and dryers are also included. Apartments are furnished with basic kitchen cookware and eating utensils, beds, desks and chairs, a dining table and chairs, and a few pieces of living room furniture. Meals are provided in the Conserve School dining room when semester student programs are in session.

    In addition, Teaching Fellows have access to a range of recreational equipment and opportunities on the Conserve School campus and beyond, including:

    • Aerobic and strength training equipment
    • Climbing wall
    • Outdoor equipment (i.e. skis, snowshoes, kayaks, canoes, bicycles)
    • Groomed winter sports trails
    • Hiking trails
    • Lakes